Pediatric Review: International Journal of Pediatric Research https://pediatrics.medresearch.in/index.php/ijpr <p><em><strong>ISSN: <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2349-3267" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2349-3267 (Online)</a>, <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2349-5499" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2349-5499 (Print)</a></strong></em></p> Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society en-US Pediatric Review: International Journal of Pediatric Research 2349-5499 To Assess the Nutritional Status and Morbidity Pattern Of Children aged 6 Months to 5 Years belonging to Rural Area Of Abhanpur Block https://pediatrics.medresearch.in/index.php/ijpr/article/view/720 <p>Introduction: Malnutrition among children is India's well-known social and public health problem.There is a similar situation in Chhattisgarh with 37% under-5 children underweight. About 700million people in India live in rural areas and have basic health facilities and poor environmentalconditions that make children susceptible to infectious diseases.</p> <p>Objective: To assess the nutritionalstatus and morbidity pattern in children aged 6-60months belonging to the rural area of abhanpurblock.</p> <p>Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural area the Abhanpur block of theRaipur district. A sample of 360 children from January 2019 to December 2020 wasanthropometrically and clinically assessed for their nutritional status and their morbidity pattern.Socioeconomic variables were also collected to identify the determinants of nutritional status andmorbidity patterns. Where was analyzed using SPSS-20 and WHO-Anthroplus Informed consent andethical issues were considered.</p> <p>Results: Out of the 360 children, the mean age of sample childrenwas 2.73±1.16 years, 28.61% were in the 2-3 year age group and 51.39% were female. Themajority of them belong to low socioeconomic (78.33%) status. As per WHO nutritionalmeasurement criteria, 26.12% were underweight, 5.88% were severe wasting, and 9.44% in severestunting. Major morbidity conditions among study participants were respiratory infections (28.32%),diarrhea (18.21%), conjunctival-pallor (20%), scabies (21.51%), and 11.94% dental carries.Parental education, diarrhea/respiratory- infection, and the mother’s occupation were significantdeterminants for underweight study children.</p> <p>Conclusion: Almost every 4th the Children living inthe rural area are underweight and have many common morbidities which lead them into the viciouscycle of recurrent infections and malnutrition.</p> Sharja Phuljhele Pratima Beck Devendra Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-10-19 2022-10-19 9 5 38 45 Hydranencephaly- a rare case of neglected child with enlarging head size https://pediatrics.medresearch.in/index.php/ijpr/article/view/728 <p>Hydranencephaly is a rare congenital abnormality characterized by the absence and replacement ofthe cerebral hemisphere by cerebrospinal fluid. Here we report a rare case of a child who presentedvery late at 2 years of age with a massively enlarged head size with spasticity of all four limbs,suspected of hydrocephalous at first while on further work up diagnosed to have hydranencephaly.This report is aimed to make clinicians aware of a rare condition which can present very late even upto 2 years of age.</p> Dr. Shefali Patel B Sandeep B Kiran Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-09-27 2022-09-27 9 5 34 37 Ashy Dermatosis – A rare case in a 7year old Indian male childAshy Dermatosis – A rare case in a 7year old Indian male child https://pediatrics.medresearch.in/index.php/ijpr/article/view/732 <p>Ashy dermatosis also known as erythema dyschromicum perstans, is an acquired chronicpigmentary skin disorder. This disorder has been very rarely reported in Indian children. Here wereport a case of a 7year old male child presented to pediatrics OPD with multiple areas ofhyperpigmentation. A skin biopsy was done which was suggestive of Ashy dermatosis. Earlyrecognition of this condition is important for proper diagnosis and to prevent unnecessaryinvestigations.</p> B Sandeep P Shefali B Kiran Namitha Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-10-20 2022-10-20 9 5 46 50 Solitary Parotid Cysticercosis in a 7-year old boy: A rare entity https://pediatrics.medresearch.in/index.php/ijpr/article/view/730 <p>Cysticercosis is a systemic parasitic illness caused by larval forms of <em>Tinea solium</em>. Being acquired by feco-oral contamination, cysticercosis commonly affects central nervous, skeletal, cardiac, skin, and subcutaneous tissues. However, isolated parotid gland cysticercosis is extremely rare. In this report, authors present a rare case of a 7-year-old boy who presented with left sided parotid swelling, diagnosed as cysticercosis by imaging and fine needle aspiration cytology. The boy was managed by both surgical and medical modalities and was put under regular follow up.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mounika Katyayani Kotturu Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-06 2022-12-06 9 5 51 54