Clinical profile and cerebrospinal fluid indices in children with complex febrile seizures

  • Dr. Amol Ramrao Suryavanshi Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Sachin Bapurao Bodhgire Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Rahul Digambarrao Anerao Incharge, District Urban Leprosy, Health Department, Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Shilpa Pawar Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Amit Tukaram Patil Junior Resident, Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Mugdha Paranjape Junior Resident, Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
Keywords: Seizure, Fever, Epilepsy, Complex febrile seizure, clinical profile

Abstract

Introduction: Fever with seizure is the most common type of seizure occurring in children. A seizure is a common presentation for which a child may come to the emergency and may occur in up to 10% of children presenting to the emergency. Among all these seizures, Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common type of childhood seizures, affecting 2–5% of children older than 1 month and most commonly from 6 months–5 years old. The differential diagnosis of febrile seizure includes non-epileptic events or movements, provoked seizures following a central nervous system infection, and rare forms of genetic epilepsy in which seizures typically present with fever.

Material and Methods: A hospital-based, prospective study conducted at the Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College, and Hospital Aurangabad conducted from November 2018 to February 2020.

Results: A total of 120 cases that presented with Complex Febrile Seizures (CFS) between six months to five years of age were included. Among them, 83 (69.1%) were male and 47 (30.9%) were female children. There were a total of 63 children in 6-12 months age, 32 in 12-24 months, and 25 in the above 12 months age group.

Conclusion: In conclusion, it was found that age less than 1 year and male gender were the most significant risk factors for Complex Febrile Seizure in our area.

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Published
2020-08-31
How to Cite
Dr. Amol Ramrao Suryavanshi, Dr. Sachin Bapurao Bodhgire, Dr. Rahul Digambarrao Anerao, Dr. Shilpa Pawar, Dr. Amit Tukaram Patil, & Dr. Mugdha Paranjape. (2020). Clinical profile and cerebrospinal fluid indices in children with complex febrile seizures. Pediatric Review: International Journal of Pediatric Research, 7(6), 287-292. https://doi.org/10.17511/ijpr.2020.i06.10
Section
Original Article