A Study on Knowledge Attitude and Practices of Postnatal Mothers about Breastfeeding and related Problems in Newborns
Introduction: Early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months of age and latercontinuation of breastfeeding up to 2 yrs is an essential component of an infant's nutrition.Breastfeeding rates are far less in India owing to poor knowledge, misconceptions and local socio-cultural practices. Knowledge, attitude, and practices studies regarding breastfeeding amongmothers in India are limited. Present study can be a means to assess above domains and to modifypractices towards a positive change.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on postnatal mothersover three months using a semi-structured questionnaire. Data analysis is done by descriptivestatistics like percentages of positive and negative responses using Microsoft Excel.
Results: Around48% of participant mothers know that exclusive breastfeeding needs to be given up to age of 6months, and 46.6% of members have knowledge that breastfeeding should be continued up to 2yrsof age along with complementary foods. Around 61.8% felt that formula-fed babies are morehealthy than breastfed ones. About 22.8% of them were given formula milk in addition tobreastfeeding. A meagre (4.2%) number of them did not give breastfeeding at all.
Conclusion: Ourcurrent study reflects some gaps in knowledge and needs to modify some attitudes and practicesabout breastfeeding and related practices, but improvement observed compared to past studies.Overall there is a need to strengthen Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative further.
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